North Sea seabirds and marine mammals: pathology and ecotoxicology


The laboratory is involved in a program to monitor causes of death of wintering seabirds and marine mammals, launched by the Belgian authorities within the framework of the 'Sustainable management of the North Sea'. Stranded and by-caught animals are regularly collected along the Belgian coast as well as that of neighbouring countries. Both seabirds and marine mammals are fully necropsied for possible lesions and pathologies. Toxicological analysis are performed for heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Fe, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cr, Hg and organic Hg), organochlorines (PCBs, pesticides) in target tissues (liver, kidney and pectoral muscle). For seabirds, the programme is mainly focused on the common guillemot Uria aalge, by far the most numerous wintering species along the Belgian coast.


Marine and coastal habitats, seabirds, marine mammals, strandings events, by catch, wintering season, Ascoban agreement, rehabilitation centres, ecotoxicology, pollution, contaminants, heavy metals, dioxins, stable isotopes, lipids, metallothioneins, pathology, lesions, Biological control, Ecology, Eco-toxicology, Pathology, Physiology, Monitoring of Biodiversity, Marine Biodiversity, North sea, Belgian coast, French coast, Dutch coast, Flemish Banks, Seabirds, marine mammals, Alcidae, Laridae, Uria aalge, Alca torda, Fratercula arctica, Rissa tridactyla, Larus ridibundus


Belgium {Geographical scope}
France {Geographical scope}
Netherlands {Geographical scope}
Marine and Coastal {Habitat type}


Name Role Start End
Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie promotor


Name Role Start End
Laboratoire d'océanologie unknown


Reference Role
Bouquegneau JM, Debacker V, Gobert S, Havelange S (1997). Role of the metallothioneins in metal regulation by the guillemot Uria aalge. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 113 : 135-139. author
Das K, Debacker V, Bouquegneau JM (2000). Metallothioneins in marine mammals. Cellular and Molecular Biology 46: 283-294 author
Das K, Debacker V, Pillet S, Bouquegneau JM (2000). Heavy metals in marine mammals. In: Toxicology of Marine Mammals, Taylor and Francis publishers Washington D.C. in press author
Das K, Lepoint G, Loizeau V, Debacker V, Dauby P, Bouquegneau JM (2000). Tuna and dolphin associations in the North-East Atlantic: Evidence of different ecological niches from stable isotope and heavy metal measurements. Marine Pollution Bulletin 40: 102-109 author
Das K, Jacob V, Bouquegneau JM (2001) White-Sided dolphin metallothionein : Purification, characterisation and potential role. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, in press. author
Debacker V, Holsbeek L, Tapia G, Gobert S, Joiris CR, Jauniaux T, Coignoul F, Bouquegneau JM (1997). Ecotoxicological and pathological studies of common guillemots Uria aalge beached on the Belgian coast during six successive wintering periods (1989-90 to 1994-95). Disease of Aquatic Organism 29 : 159-168 author
Debacker V, Jauniaux T, Coignoul F, Bouquegneau JM (2000). Heavy metals contamination and body condition of wintering guillemots (Uria aalge) at the Belgian coast from 1993 to 1998. Environmental Research 84: 310-317. author
Debacker V, Jauniaux T, Coignoul F, Bouquegneau JM (2001). Influence of age, sex and body condition on heavy metals and metallothioneins in common guillemots (Uria aalge) stranded at the Belgian coast. Marine Environmental Research, in press. author
Debacker V, Rutten A, Jauniaux T, Daemers C, Bouquegneau JM (2001). Combined effects of experimental heavy metals contamination (Cu, Zn and Hg) and starvation on quails: body condition and parallelism with a wild seabird population of common guillemots (Uria aalge). Biological Trace Element Research, in press. author
Holsbeek L, Joiris CR, Debacker V, Ali IB, Nellissen JP, Gobert S, Roose P, Bouquegneau JM, Bossicart M (1999). Heavy metals, organochlorines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sperm whales stranded in the southern North Sea during the 1994/1995 winter. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38: 304-313. author
Pillet S, Lesage V, Hammil M, Cyr DG, Bouquegneau JM, Fournier M (2000). In vitro exposure of seal peripheral blood leukocytes to different metals reveal a sex-dependant effect of zinc on phagocytic activity. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40: 921-927 author

created:2011-12-14 14:18:59 UTC, source:biodiv

© 2012 by the Belgian Biodiversity Platform