Growth performance of invasive alien Landoltia punctata and invasive alien Lemna minuta in monocultures and mixtures under different nutrient conditions


A controlled indoor experiment was conducted to compare the performance of two alien Lemnaceae species both in monocultures and mixtures along a nutrient gradient. Lemna minuta is an invasive aquatic macrophyte native to America but has spread in Europe and has invaded ponds and ditches in Belgium. Landoltia punctata on the other hand is a native to Australia and Southeast Asia that has been reported in The Netherlands. Lemnaceae can be transported over short distances by waterbirds and therefore, L. punctata will potentially invade ponds in Belgium. Relative growth rate (RGR) of the two species and relative growth rate difference (RGRD) between the species was modeled to (1) reveal which of the two alien species is a superior competitor (2) determine what is the role of species identity, species initial biomass and nutrient enrichment in determining the composition change of these two species in mixture. Preliminary results indicated stronger intraspecific relative to interspecific effects on the RGR of either species. As a result, species effects greatly influenced the difference in growth rate of both species. High nutrient level favored L. punctata relative to L. minuta and even at low nutrient level L. punctata had a relative advantage over L. minuta. Increasing the initial biomass of L. minuta enhanced RGRD while increasing the initial biomass of L. punctata had the opposite effect. These preliminary results indicate that species influence was the main determinant


Landoltia punctata, Lemna minuta, invasive species


Name Role Start End
Triest, Ludwig member
Njambuya, Josphine member
Gérard, Joëlle member


Name Role Start End
Plant Biology and Nature Management member

created:2011-12-14 14:18:59 UTC, source:web

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