In the field of the cereal scheme in connection with ear blight disease, the Department has taken steps for evaluating the risks of cereal crop contamination by mycotoxines to be sure that food and feed was safe. In 1999 and 2000, fifty wheat varieties showed a wide range of susceptibility towards ear blight following artificial inoculations of Fusarium culmorum and F. graminearum during the flowering stage of this cereal, causing yield losses between 5 and 60%. The crop harvest of these trials was conserved for subsequent mycotoxine (DON and zearalenone) analysis using different diagnostic test (competitive ELISA or HPLC after elution through affinity columns). In a study performed with intent to assess the risks of mycotoxin contamination, the highest content of DON was found in the coarse fractions (bran) resulting from the different milling products.
animal health, cereal, contamination, mycotoxin detection, DON, vomitoxin, ELISA, food poisoning, food safety, grain, inoculation, low input, molecular screen, scab, sustainable agriculture, varietal susceptibility, wheat, Bio-, Chemistry and chemical ecology, Eco-toxicology, Genetics, Microbiology, Pathology, Cultivated and artificial habitats, Climatology, W-Europe, Belgium, vascular plants, monocotyledons, Poaceae, Triticum, Fusarium
|Unité de phytopathologie||unknown|
created:2011-12-14 14:18:59 UTC, source:biodiv